标签: 二分图

二分图

50 years, 50 colors(HDOJ 1498)

On Octorber 21st, HDU 50-year-celebration, 50-color balloons floating around the campus, it's so nice, isn't it? To celebrate this meaningful day, the ACM team of HDU hold some fuuny games. Especially, there will be a game named "crashing color balloons".

There will be a n*n matrix board on the ground, and each grid will have a color balloon in it.And the color of the ballon will be in the range of [1, 50].After the referee shouts "go!",you can begin to crash the balloons.Every time you can only choose one kind of balloon to crash, we define that the two balloons with the same color belong to the same kind.What's more, each time you can only choose a single row or column of balloon, and crash the balloons that with the color you had chosen. Of course, a lot of students are waiting to play this game, so we just give every student k times to crash the balloons.

二分图

棋盘游戏(HDOJ 1281)

小希和Gardon在玩一个游戏:对一个N*M的棋盘,在格子里放尽量多的一些国际象棋里面的“车”,并且使得他们不能互相攻击,这当然很简单,但是Gardon限制了只有某些格子才可以放,小希还是很轻松的解决了这个问题(见下图)注意不能放车的地方不影响车的互相攻击。
所以现在Gardon想让小希来解决一个更难的问题,在保证尽量多的“车”的前提下,棋盘里有些格子是可以避开的,也就是说,不在这些格子上放车,也可以保证尽量多的“车”被放下。但是某些格子若不放子,就无法保证放尽量多的“车”,这样的格子被称做重要点。Gardon想让小希算出有多少个这样的重要点,你能解决这个问题么?

二分图

Marriage is Stable(HDOJ 1522)

Albert, Brad, Chuck are happy bachelors who are in love with Laura, Marcy, Nancy. They all have three choices. But in fact, they do have some preference in mind. Say Albert, he likes Laura best, but that doesn't necesarily mean Laura likes him. Laura likes Chuck more than Albert. So if Albert can't marry Laura, he thinks Nancy a sensible choice. For Albert, he orders the girls Laura > Nancy > Marcy.

For the boys:

Albert: Laura > Nancy > Marcy
Brad: Marcy > Nancy > Laura
Chuck: Laura > Marcy > Nancy

For the girls:

Laura: Chuck > Albert > Brad
Marcy: Albert > Chuck > Brad
Nancy: Brad > Albert > Chuck

But if they were matched randomly, such as

Albert <-> Laura
Brad <-> Marcy
Chuck <-> Nancy

they would soon discover it's not a nice solution. For Laura, she likes Chuck instead of Albert. And what's more, Chuck likes Laura better than Nancy. So Laura and Chuck are likely to come together, leaving poor Albert and Nancy.

Now it's your turn to find a stable marriage. A stable marriage means for any boy G and girl M, with their choice m[G] and m[M], it will not happen that rank(G, M) < rank(G, m[G])and rank(M, G) < rank(M, m[M]).

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