Our geometry princess XMM has stoped her study in computational geometry to concentrate on her newly opened factory. Her factory has introduced M new machines in order to process the coming N tasks. For the i-th task, the factory has to start processing it at or after day Si, process it for Pi days, and finish the task before or at day Ei. A machine can only work on one task at a time, and each task can be processed by at most one machine at a time. However, a task can be interrupted and processed on different machines on different days.
Network flow is a well-known difficult problem for ACMers. Given a graph, your task is to find out the maximum flow for the weighted directed graph.
Every time it rains on Farmer John's fields, a pond forms over Bessie's favorite clover patch. This means that the clover is covered by water for awhile and takes quite a long time to regrow. Thus, Farmer John has built a set of drainage ditches so that Bessie's clover patch is never covered in water. Instead, the water is drained to a nearby stream. Being an ace engineer, Farmer John has also installed regulators at the beginning of each ditch, so he can control at what rate water flows into that ditch.
Farmer John knows not only how many gallons of water each ditch can transport per minute but also the exact layout of the ditches, which feed out of the pond and into each other and stream in a potentially complex network.
Given all this information, determine the maximum rate at which water can be transported out of the pond and into the stream. For any given ditch, water flows in only one direction, but there might be a way that water can flow in a circle.
Some people believe that there are three cycles in a person's life that start the day he or she is born. These three cycles are the physical, emotional, and intellectual cycles, and they have periods of lengths 23, 28, and 33 days, respectively. There is one peak in each period of a cycle. At the peak of a cycle, a person performs at his or her best in the corresponding field (physical, emotional or mental). For example, if it is the mental curve, thought processes will be sharper and concentration will be easier.
Akemi Homura is a Mahou Shoujo (Puella Magi/Magical Girl).
Homura wants to help her friend Madoka save the world. But because of the plot of the Boss Incubator, she is trapped in a labyrinth called LOOPS.
King Arthur is an narcissist who intends to spare no coins to celebrate his coming K-th birthday. The luxurious celebration will start on his birthday and King Arthur decides to let fate tell when to stop it. Every day he will toss a coin which has probability p that it comes up heads and 1-p up tails. The celebration will be on going until the coin has come up heads for K times. Moreover, the king also decides to spend 1 thousand coins on the first day's celebration, 3 thousand coins on the second day's, 5 thousand coins on the third day's ... The cost of next day will always be 2 thousand coins more than the previous one's. Can you tell the minister how many days the celebration is expected to last and how many coins the celebration is expected to cost?